Topic: Homework learning center
May 22, 2019 / By Jackaline Question:
1.Why did Napoleon become Europe’s popular Dictator?
2.What were the four long term effects of the Silk Road?
3. What is a major similarity between the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment.
4. Improvements in what 2 areas resulted in the beginning of the scientific revolution?
Elva | 3 days ago
1) By gaining recognition from the Pope, who was bound to comply since Napoleon's armies threatened the Papal States, Napoleon ended this potential source of conflict.
2)One of the things that has occurred in the last four years, (with all the world-turned-upside-down events that seem to be falling one after another in a cascade,) is that a few more people than normal are beginning to step away from their little insulated lives and are starting to take a look, albeit from different perspectives, at the “Big Picture.” That there is a wider perspective on life and its meaning is something not new to history buffs, and it is certainly not a new concept for Muslims either. Isn’t the Qur’an chock full of demonstrative stories of the past and exhortations to look at ancient peoples and their mistakes to learn lessons? But still, it’s hard, very hard, for people to lift their eyes away from the ground before them and look to the horizon.
3) The Enlightenment (1650–1800)
The Roots of the Enlightenment
1605 Kepler discovers first law of planetary motion
1609 Galileo develops his first telescope
1618 Thirty Years’ War begins
1625 Grotius publishes On the Law of War and Peace
1633 Pope prosecutes Galileo for promoting sun-centered theory of the solar system
1648 Thirty Years’ War ends
1687 Newton publishes Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica
Galileo Galilei - Italian astronomer who supported the sun-centered Copernican model of the solar system, angering the Catholic Church
Johannes Kepler - German astronomer who discovered laws of planetary motion
Francis Bacon - English scholar who developed inductive method of reasoning
René Descartes - French mathematician and philosopher who revolutionized algebra and geometry, developed deductive method
Isaac Newton - English mathematician and physicist who formulated fundamental laws of gravity and motion
Baruch Spinoza - Dutch-Jewish thinker who questioned many tenets of Judaism and Christianity
John Comenius - Czech reformer who questioned necessity for war
Hugo Grotius - Dutch scholar who explored concepts in international relations and outlined laws of “fair” warfare
The Scientific Revolution
The Enlightenment was the product of a vast set of cultural and intellectual changes in Europe during the 1500s and 1600s—changes that in turn produced the social values that permitted the Enlightenment to sweep through Europe in the late 1600s and 1700s. One of the most important of these changes was the Scientific Revolution of the 1500s and 1600s. During the Scientific Revolution, European thinkers tore down the flawed set of “scientific” beliefs established by the ancients and maintained by the Church. To replace this flawed knowledge, scientists sought to discover and convey the true laws governing the phenomena they observed in nature.
Although it would take centuries to develop, the Scientific Revolution began near the end of the Middle Ages, when farmers began to notice, study, and record those environmental conditions that yielded the best harvests. In time, curiosity about the world spread, which led to further innovation. Even the Church initially encouraged such investigations, out of the belief that studying the world was a form of piety and constituted an admiration of God’s work.
Galileo and Kepler
The Church’s benevolent stance toward science changed abruptly when astronomers such as Galileo Galilei (1564–1642) and Johannes Kepler (1571–1630) started questioning the ancient teachings of Aristotle and other accepted “truths.” Galileo’s work in the fields of physics and inertia was groundbreaking, while Kepler’s laws of planetary motion revealed, among other things, that the planets moved in elliptical orbits. Galileo especially encountered significant resistance from the Church for his support of the theories of Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus (1473–1543), who had stated that the sun, not the earth, was the center of the solar system—not vice versa, as Church teaching had always maintained.
Bacon and Descartes
Though up against considerable Church opposition, science moved into the spotlight in the late 1500s and early 1600s. Galileo had long said that observation was a necessary element of the scientific method—a point that Francis Bacon (1561–1626) solidified with his inductive method. Sometimes known as the Baconian method, inductive science stresses observation and reasoning as the means for coming to general conclusions.
A later contemporary, René Descartes (1596–1650), picked up where Bacon left off. Descartes’ talents ran the gamut from mathematics to philosophy and ultimately the combination of those schools. His work in combining algebra and geometry revolutionized both of those fields, and it was Descartes who came to the philosophical conclusion “I think, therefore
D domestication F farming G Greek Empire H Hellenistic Greece or Hypocrates (Greek Medicine) or Herodotus sp? (Greek Historian) I Indiginous People J K L M ycenaen Greece N omads O lympics P yramids of Ancient Egypt Sparta Z zues the God
1. he's a bamf
-lots of slk
-a whole lot more silk
3. a lot of enlightenment thinkers got their ideas from the scientific revolution, like social darwinism and stuff
4. smarter brains & accepting that not everything happens because god says so