What disease is PTV? Please help?

What disease is PTV? Please help? Topic: Case by case staging lung
July 19, 2019 / By Em
Question: The doctor suspects a family member of having PTV, can someone tell me what it is and what are the effects of it?
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Best Answers: What disease is PTV? Please help?

Christie Christie | 8 days ago
Maybe it is PTB you talking about... Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection that mainly involves the lungs, but may spread to other organs. Causes Pulmonary tuberculosis is caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium tuberculosis (M. tuberculosis). You can get tuberculosis by breathing in air droplets from a cough or sneeze of an infected person. The primary stage of the infection is usually asymptomatic (without symptoms). In the United States, most people will recover from primary TB infection without further evidence of the disease. However, in some cases, the disease may become active within weeks after the primary infection, or it may lie dormant for years and later reappear. The following are at higher risk for active TB: Elderly Infants Persons with weakened immune systems, for example due to AIDS, chemotherapy, or antirejection medicines given after a organ transplant Your risk of contracting TB increases if you: Are in frequent contact with people who have the disease Live in crowded or unsanitary living conditions Have poor nutrition The following factors that may increase the rate of tuberculous infection in a population: Increase in HIV infections Increase in number of homeless individuals (poor environment and poor nutrition) The appearance of drug-resistant strains of TB In the United States, there are approximately 10 cases of TB per 100,000 people. However, rates vary dramatically by area of residence and socioeconomic class. Disseminated tuberculosis (affects the whole body) Atypical mycobacterial infection Symptoms Limited to minor cough and mild fever, if apparent Fatigue Unintentional weight loss Coughing up blood Fever and night sweats Phlegm-producing cough Additional symptoms that may be associated with this disease: Wheezing Excessive sweating, especially at night Chest pain Breathing difficulty Exams and Tests Examination of the lungs by stethoscope can reveal crackles (unusual breath sounds). Enlarged or tender lymph nodes may be present in the neck or other areas. Fluid may be detectable around a lung. Clubbing of the fingers or toes may be present. Tests may include: Chest x-ray Sputum cultures Tuberculin skin test Bronchoscopy Thoracentesis Chest CT Interferon-gamma blood test such as the QFT-Gold test Biopsy of the affected tissue (rare) Treatment The goal of treatment is to cure the infection with drugs that fight the tuberculosis bacteria. The intial treatment may involve a combination of many drugs. It is continued until lab tests show which medicine works best. Treatment usually lasts for 6 months, but longer courses may be needed for persons with AIDS or whose disease responds slowly. You may need to be admitted to a hospital to prevent the spread of the disease to others until you are no longer contagious. Incomplete treatment of TB infections (such as failure to take medications for the prescribed length of time) can contribute to the emergence of drug-resistant strains of bacteria. Support Groups The stress of illness may be helped by joining a support group where members share common experiences and problems. Outlook (Prognosis) Symptoms may improve in 2 to 3 weeks. A chest x-ray will not show this improvement until later. Prognosis is excellent if pulmonary TB is diagnosed early and treatment is begun. Possible Complications Return to top Pulmonary TB can cause permanent lung damage if not treated early. Medicines used to treat TB may cause side effects, including non-infectious hepatitis and an orange or brown coloration of tears and urine.
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Christie Originally Answered: How have recent technology advances shifted focus from treating disease to preventing disease?
It is rightly said t hat prevention is better than cure. A proverb is - a stitch intime saves nine. Preventive medicine strategies are typically described as taking place at the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary prevention levels. In addition, the term primal prevention has been used to describe all measures taken to ensure fetal well-being and prevent any long-term health consequences from gestational history and/or disease. The rationale for such efforts is the evidence demonstrating the link between fetal well-being, or "primal health," and adult health.Primal prevention strategies typically focus on providing future parents with: education regarding the consequences of epigenetic influences on their child, sufficient leave time for both parents, and financial support if required. This includes parenting in infancy as well. Simple examples of preventive medicine include hand washing, breastfeeding, and immunizations. Preventive care may include examinations and screening tests tailored to an individual's age, health, and family history. For example, a person with a family history of certain cancers or other diseases would begin screening at an earlier age and/or more frequently than those with no such family history. On the other side of preventive medicine, some nonprofit organizations, such as the Northern California Cancer Center, apply epidemiologic research towards finding ways to prevent diseases. Prophylaxis (Greek: προφυλάσσω to guard or prevent beforehand) is any medical or public health procedure whose purpose is to prevent, rather than treat or cure a disease. In general terms, prophylactic measures are divided between primary prophylaxis (to prevent the development of a disease) and secondary prophylaxis (whereby the disease has already developed and the patient is protected against worsening of this process). Some specific examples of prophylaxis include: Many vaccines are prophylactic, vaccines such as polio vaccine, smallpox vaccine, measles vaccine, mumps vaccine and others have greatly reduced many childhood diseases; HPV vaccines prevent certain cancers; influenza vaccine. Birth control methods are used to prevent unwanted pregnancy. Condoms, for instance, are sometimes euphemistically referred to as "prophylactics" because of their use to prevent pregnancy as well as the transmission of sexually transmitted infections. Daily and moderate physical exercise in various forms can be called prophylactic because it can maintain or improve one's health. Cycling for transport appears to very significantly improve health by reducing risk of heart diseases, various cancers, muscular- and skeletal diseases, and overall mortality. Eating plenty of fruits and vegetables each day may be prophylactic. It may reduce the risk of heart disease. Fluoride therapy and tooth cleaning, either at home or by a professional, are parts of dental prophylaxis or oral prophylaxis. Antibiotics are sometimes used prophylactically: For example, during the 2001 anthrax attacks scare in the United States, patients believed to be exposed were given ciprofloxacin. In similar manner, the use of antibiotic ointments on burns and other wounds is prophylactic. Antibiotics are also given prophylactically just before some medical procedures such as pacemaker insertion. Tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs) may, with caution, be an example of a chronic migraine preventive (see amitriptyline and migraines' prevention by medicine). Antimalarials such as chloroquine and mefloquine are used both in treatment and as prophylaxis by visitors to countries where malaria is endemic to prevent the development of the parasitic Plasmodium, which cause malaria. Mechanical measures (such as graduated compression stockings or intermittent pneumatic compression) and drugs (such as low-molecular-weight heparin, unfractionated heparin, and fondaparinux) may be used in immobilized hospital patients at risk of venous thromboembolism. Risk reducing or prophylactic mastectomies may be carried out for carriers of the BRCA mutation gene to minimise the risk of developing breast cancer. Early and exclusive breastfeeding provides immunological protection against infectious diseases as well as reduced risk of chronic diseases for both mother and child. Polypill for prevention of e.g. cardiovascular disease.
Christie Originally Answered: How have recent technology advances shifted focus from treating disease to preventing disease?
LMFAO! Yay, our government at work against big bad Cheerios. Trying to control everything. I haven't read a Cheerios box, but they don't put "Statements not approved by FDA", or something to that effect? I know places like GNC put that on all their products and the products they sell. I see these supplement companies always making claims like that. Why single out Cheerios? Down the road, most of these FDA approved drugs end up being bad for your health anyways. I'd pick Cheerios over an FDA approved drug anyday.

Christie Originally Answered: Are P.A.D. (Pulmonary Artery Disease) and Reynaurd's Disease and blood clotting one in the same thing?
Not at all. The Reynaud's and the arthritis don't have a tie to blood clots. The tech was correct in that having had cancer does make you a little more likely to have a blood clot. Your doc was being careful, looking for the clots. PAD symptoms are almost always related to walking. After a certain distance, their legs hurt. When you stop, the pain goes away. PAD has to be very severe (< 30% of normal) to have pain at rest. If you haven't already, look into a referral to a rheumatologist, an arthritis specialist.
Christie Originally Answered: Are P.A.D. (Pulmonary Artery Disease) and Reynaurd's Disease and blood clotting one in the same thing?
Coronary Artery Disease means that the arteries are blocked by plaque, and there is concern that there may be a blockage with a blood clot. This is the new catch phrase for Coronary Heart Disease. It actually better describes the condition that will cause a heart attack. These people usually go onto to having stents put in for too great of a blockage or, even coronary by-pass surgery, which eliminates the problem altogether.
Christie Originally Answered: Are P.A.D. (Pulmonary Artery Disease) and Reynaurd's Disease and blood clotting one in the same thing?
well,Renaud's disease has nothing to do with your case here.also having joint pains is not very related here.your doctor was right when he sent you to have an ultrasound (we call it doppler's ultrasound). you mentioned that you underwent total abdominal hysterectomy.the uterus is a pelvic organ and manipulation in that area is likely to make the patient susceptible to deep venous thrombosis. i.e. the veins in the area may undergo thrombotic changes causing severe pain.and since you have renaud's disease,your doctor has to investigate the integrity of the arteries in your lower limbs to rule out any arterial occlusion and make sure that your lower limbs get enough blood supply. other tests should be done for you.those are cbc,white cell count,ESR and d-dimer so as to have a clue if there is any thrombotic problem. the link between that condition and your lungs is that if there is a clot in your veins it could go up through the circulation up to your lungs.to prevent this there are a few things that you should discuss with your doctor,but first we have to confirm venous thrombosis.first you should have excersises to your lower limbs so that blood does not stay a long time in them.you should wear elastic stockings.you might have to start antigoagulant therapy.other diseases that might enhance venous thrombosis such as diabetes,hypertension,high lipid profile must also be taken care of. i hope i was of benifit.the subject is just too complicated and not easy to explain but i hope i made it easier for you. best wishes.

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